Speech and language therapy encompasses the assessment and treatment of communication, language, feeding, voice and speech/articulation disorders.
Speech Pathologist will perform an in deep assessment consisting of:
-Parent interview to gather information about medical and developmental history
– Clinical observation of general behavior and child interaction (observation of play and social skills)
– Administration of standardized tests and/or parental questionnaires.
From the evaluation data, and in the case the child needs therapy, the speech therapist will develop a treatment plan with specific objectives to be achieved as the therapy progresses.
Speech therapists, in addition to working with the child, might develop a home/school program with guidelines and strategies to encourage the practice of the goals in the child natural settings.
Speech Therapy Treatment Areas:
As a speech therapist, we might intervene in different areas of development such as:
Pre-Linguistic and play skills
It refers to how the child attends to and interacts with objects and people. These skills are important to facilitate your child language development as well as his/her cognitive skills. Some areas to be addressed to foster these skills are:
– Engaging in playing with people and objects at the same time
– Taking turns with others
– Demonstrating cause and effect (push a button to open the lid of a toy)
– Symbolic or pretended play (use a stick and pre
– Problem solving (snap rings on an axis in the correct order)
This refers to what your child understands. Some abilities that demonstrate what your child understands are:
– Responding to verbalizations from others
– Identifying concepts such as body parts, clothing items etc.
– Pointing to pictures named in the books
– Following directions
– Answering questions
This refers to what your child says or communicates through verbal language. Language components to be evaluated and treated in therapy are:
– Semantic (word meanings and vocabulary)
– Morphology (units of meaning such as plurals, verb endings, pronouns, etc.).
– Syntax (sentence structure and use of different types of sentences)
Refers to the ability of using all the speech sounds clearly at word, sentence and conversational levels.
Articulation and phonology disorders might be presented as an isolated disorder or might be part of an extensive language or communication problem.
Among this category we could find: articulatory/phonological disorders, apraxia, dysarthria and oral motor dysfunction.
Voice and Fluency:
Intervention will focus on disorders that affect fluency, pitch, volume and quality of the voice. Among this disorders we mention: dysphonia, hyper / hypo nasality, stuttering.
Intervention refers to the disorders involving chewing and swallowing food/liquids, as well as accepting and enjoying a variety of foods.
Pragmatic Language (social skills):
It refers to how the child uses language in interaction with others. Pragmatic language includes the child ability to: attends to others, initiate a conversation, respond accurately, be flexible and be capable to sustain a back and forth interaction. Non- verbal behaviors such as: eye contact, body language, facial expressions are also part of pragmatics.
SPEECH THERAPY TECHNIQUES
At My Time our team of therapists applies different techniques in order to facilitate speech and language development. Our therapist has been trained in the following approaches:
DIR/Floortime, Hanen Program, PROMPT, Sensory Integration, Social Skills, Beckman Oral Motor, Oral Placement Therapy among others.